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UGA Decision Aids can Help Farmers Decide What Crops to Plant in 2016

2015 was a very challenging year for Panhandle row crop farmers with the double whammy of low commodity prices and unfavorable weather.  As a result, many farmers are uncertain as to what crops to plant for the coming year.

The University of Georgia has a nice tool or decision aid that provides estimated returns on investment for commonly grown crops in the southeast. The Crop Comparison Tool (CCT), which is an excel spreadsheet, comes pre-loaded with the most current estimates by UGA crop economists, but can be customized for a specific farm.  These comparisons are made in both conventional and strip-till cropping systems.  There is even a peanut price calculator to assist with partial production contracts to develop an overall average peanut price for true comparisons.  The example below is the summary from the strip-tillage crop comparison chart.  Use your mouse or touch screen to enlarge for a full screen view for easier reading.

16 Conventional Crop Comparison Tool

Use mouse or touch screen to enlarge for full screen view for easier reading. Source 2016 UGA Crop Comparison Tool

This tool also offers some charts that allow you to compare two crops and the price at which they provide equal returns. In this example you can see that a contract for cotton would need to be $ 0.73 per pound for dryland cotton and $ 0.69/lb. for irrigated cotton to be equal to a peanut contract of $ 370 per ton.  These prices are based on some assumptions for comparisons sake.  The Crop Comparison Tool has other crop combinations and can be adjusted based on the figures entered into the spreadsheet.

16 Cotton vs Peanuts Chart

Use mouse or touch screen to enlarge for full screen view for easier reading. Source 2016 UGA Crop Comparison Tool

Download the crop comparison tool using the following link:

Crop Comparison Tool (CCT)

The Crop Comparison Tool (CCT) allows users to compare expected net returns of alternative row crops side-by-side. These estimates and comparisons may be useful in acreage planting decisions.

The CCT in Excel format:

  • Allows users to make changes in yield, price, and costs to closer reflect their individual farm situation.
  • Features a peanut price calculator to estimate true peanut price received.
  • Contains charts to compare two competing row crops and aid in pricing decisions.

 

The University of Georgia also has crop specific budgets that can be used to develop a business plan for the coming year.  These budgets can be helpful to develop a more accurate estimate for an individual farm to use in conjunction with the Crop Comparison Tool.

UGA Crop Budgets

Download the crop budgets using the following links:

 

PG

Author: Doug Mayo – demayo@ufl.edu

Lead Editor for Panhandle Ag e-news – Jackson County Extension Director – Livestock & Forages Agent. My true expertise is with beef cattle and pasture management, but I can assist with information on other livestock species, as well as recreational fish ponds.
http://jackson.ifas.ufl.edu

Doug Mayo

Permanent link to this article: http://jackson.ifas.ufl.edu/newsletters/2016/01/29/uga-decision-aids-can-help-farmers-decide-what-crops-to-plant-in-2016/