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Frequently Asked Questions

This FAQ page is to provide our users information without having to call the local extension office. However if you do have more questions or information that you wish to provide to the Jackson County Extension Office and the Jackson County Master Gardeners please call (850) 482-9620.

FAQ – Cutworms

Q: What can I do about an infestation of cutworms on my tomato plants? There are thousands of them and Sevin® dust doesn’t affect them.

A: For a cutworm problem as stated, there is only one solution, cut your losses and start over with fresh potting soil, clean pots, and new plant starts. Next time, inspect your plants on a regular schedule for pests and diseases. When a problem is spotted early, it can be dealt with by applying the appropriate treatment.

FAQ – Leaf scorch

Q: My flowering dogwood (Cornus Florida) is several years old and has been growing well until this summer when the leaves began to shrivel and dry out. What is going on?

A: The problem is called “Leaf  Scorch”. Leaf scorch may look like a disease, but is due to environmental conditions. We have had a hot, dry summer with dry winds, these combine to cause drying and browning of leaf margins and in more serious cases the interval area will also become dry and brown. This condition arises when the leaves lose water faster than the roots can replace it from the soil. You can attempt to remedy leaf scorch by watering deeply during the hot summer so that the root area has plenty of water to draw on. Apply thick mulch over the root area. Shading the tree and protecting it from the hot, dry wind will also help. Trees do not generally die from this condition, and younger growth is more severely affected than older growth.

FAQ – Summer vegetables

Q: What can I grow in my vegetable garden during the heat of summer?

A: There are several vegetable crops that can be planted July and be expected to do well before winter’s freezes: bush beans, Lima beans, eggplant, okra, peppers, southern peas, and watermelon. Understand that insect pests will be very active for the next few months, so you want to be especially vigilant in controlling pest problems

FAQ – Home vegetable garden    

Q: I want to plant a home vegetable garden, but I have not had much success in the past. What do I need to do to have a successful garden?

A: There are several things that you can do to improve the quality of your gardening experience. First, select a site for your garden. Second, develop a garden plan. Third, prepare your soil.

An IFAS publication, Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide, discusses these factors. It is available via free download by clicking Florida Vegetable Gardening Guide it’s an excellent source of vegetable gardening information.

You may need to adjust the pH of your soil or amend it with compost to add organics and increase its water holding capacity. The gardening guide discusses these issues.

After you have planted the garden, you need to monitor your garden on a regular basis for diseases and pests.  Diseases and pests are dealt with easiest when the problem is detected early. A problem that has had time to affect a large part of the garden is very difficult to solve. The gardening guide discusses pest management and the use of pesticides.

If you want to do an organic garden without the use of chemicals, the EDIS website has information on doing this as well.

FAQ – Growing pecans

Q: I want to grow pecan trees in my yard. How do I do this?

A: There is an IFAS publication, The Pecan Tree, that contains a wealth of information on growing pecans in the home garden. It is available for free download by clicking The Pecan Tree. It also contains a list of recommended cultivars available in the commercial nursery trade. This publication discusses site selection, soil preparation, fertilizing, disease and pest problems, and the biology of the plant.

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