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October North Florida Gardening Guide

Strawberry plant in fruit and flower.

Strawberry plant in fruit and flower. Photo credit: University of Florida/IFAS

What to Plant

Annuals/Bedding plants: Plant digitalis (foxglove), petunia, and shasta daisy in the fall garden. See Annualshttp://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_annual_landscape_plants

Bulbs: Fragrant daffodil varieties for North Florida include ‘Carlton’, ‘Fortune’, ‘Silver Chimes’, ‘Thalia’, and ‘Sweetness’. See Bulbs for Floridahttp://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_bulbous_flowers

Herbs: Some to try from plants or seed include dill, fennel, oregano, and sage. See Herbshttp://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_herbs

Vegetables: Plant bulbing onions, salad crops such as arugula, lettuce, and spinach, as well as numerous other cool-season crops. SeeVegetable Gardening in Floridahttp://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_vegetable_gardening

What to Do

Lawns: Control winter weeds in lawns before they appear. Preemergent herbicides must be applied at the right time to be effective. Apply when nighttime temps are 55°F–60°F for 4–5 days. Avoid “weed and feed” products. See Lawn Weedshttp://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_lawn_weeds

Winter landscapes: Plant evergreen hollies; their bright berries add color to the landscape when other plants have died back for the winter. Water well when planting and mulch to minimize weeds. See Hollyhttp://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_holly

Pine needles: Gather pine needles that are dropping and use them as natural mulch. See Landscape Mulcheshttp://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_mulch

Strawberries: This is the last month to set strawberry plants in the garden or in large containers. Either way, water daily until plants are established. See Strawberrieshttp://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_strawberries

Lawns: Lawns start to lose color as the weather cools. If a green winter lawn is desired, overseed with annual ryegrass when daytime temps are in the low 70s, but keep in mind that watering and mowing will be required.

Lawn disease: Watch for brown patch and large patch, fungal diseases that cause areas of grass to turn brown. Since treatment is difficult, prevention with proper cultural practices is key. The disease becomes active when the soil temperature, measured 2–4 in. deep, is between 65°F and 75°F and goes dormant when the weather warms in May. See Turf Diseaseshttp://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/topic_turf_diseases

Permanent link to this article: http://jackson.ifas.ufl.edu/homehort/2017/10/09/october-north-florida-gardening-guide/